PREMIERED December 14, 2018 at 7:30PM 

A recital program exploring the Italian art song canon of the 20th and 21st centuries.

ABOUT THE CREATION

When I first visited Magazzino Italiano, I was immediately inspired to create this program especially for this space. Visiting this truly unique new museum, I was struck by the wealth of contemporary art from Italy and the Italian diaspora that I knew so little about. The beauty and thought-provoking art, the stunning acoustics created within its walls, and the award-winning airy architectural space that houses this formidable collection compelled me to talk with Giorgio and his team about performance possibilities. Inspired by the art in Magazzino, I felt drawn to explore the parallel in music – a terra incognita for me – the  modern and contemporary Italian art song repertory. I had only a passing acquaintance with this music – the usual Berio and Respighi orchestral pieces and the like. However I was delighted to discover, as I suspected from the start, there exists so much more and many composers worthy of showcasing that I had previously not encountered. It felt like finding treasure!

So I went down the rabbit hole of exploration and this brought hours of pleasure poring over scores in libraries and listening to existing performances of this fascinating repertoire. As you can imagine, it was overwhelming and nearly impossible to choose what to include on my recital program. One could really do a festival of this song repertoire annually for decades and still never hear all the masterpieces in the canon, especially since there are new works every day. However after a few revisions with my collaborator Inessa Zaretsky (pianist), we finally landed on a wonderful eclectic and thoughtful collection of 19 songs to help represent over 120 years of music in about an hour. Some pretty famous composers had to be eliminated along the way to my chagrin. However I have chosen these small masterpieces to show the wealth of what’s available and by no means suggest that it exhausts the possibilities.

As a countertenor, I frequently bridge two parallel musical worlds: that of the Baroque and Early Music sphere (music prior to 1750) and of the modern and contemporary music scene (1900 and beyond). Countertenor voices and early and contemporary music seem to make a perfect fit. I like to break barriers though and much of the repertoire on this program would never have been written for countertenor, and so therefore, smiling wryly, I couldn’t resist.

The program takes its name from the famous collection of songs from baroque composer Giulio Caccini: Le Nuove Musiche, published in 1602.  Even though there are previous examples of early monodic songs, Caccini (an early PR genius and ruthlessly competitive composer in his time) is considered by many to have ushered in a new age of writing for the solo voice with his famed collection. Caccini was a member of the Florentine Camerata, whose members were rightfully considered the founders of Italian opera, and whose innovations set the course for the future of western vocal music for the next four hundred years. It gained a new life in the 20th century, when composers, musicians, and historians started unearthing works of these earlier composers and performing them again and using them as sources of inspiration.  I have been lucky in my time as an artist to be on the forefront of the Baroque renaissance performing works often unearthed for the first time hundreds of years after their initial performance and creation – I think of myself as a kind of front man for musical archeology. Luigi Dallapiccola, famed modern Italian composer, created new realizations of several of these songs and arias of the early baroque period for the modern piano and voice, of which we have included two on this program.

But now, with this program, I turn myself to excavating and unearthing a different, more recent canon – one in danger of being lost to time like some of its predecessors hundreds of years before. The program takes as its point of departure the influences of the early Italian composers and ancient poets on modern music; however, it explores primarily the Italian art song repertoire of the past 120 years. Included on this program are two premieres of songs by Italian-American composers Rolando Gori and Raphael Fusco, showing the future of the art form in the hands of contemporary composers of Italian descent. Many of the composers on this program look to music of the ancient Italian masters as a source of inspiration, but married these older compositional forms and texts with the timbral, harmonic, and dramatic sensibilities of a world changed by the industrial era, Romanticism, globalism, two World Wars, social revolutions, and the Computer Age. The music you will hear is a wonderful blend of would-be famous and nearly-forgotten classic and avant-garde songs expressing the beauty of the Italian language, its people, and its rich poetic and musical traditions. With each song, we celebrate the Italian artistic and musical spirit from its roots to its future.

Photography by Alexa Hoyer

Photography by Alexa Hoyer

Photography for Magazzino at the event by Alexa Hoyer © 2018

magazzino italiano


2700 Route 9
Cold Spring, NY 10516

+1 (845) 666-7202
info@magazzino.art

facebook
instagram
twitter

Composite: Dario Acosta Photography © 2018

Composite: Dario Acosta Photography © 2018

Inessa Zaretsky Izu Photography © 2018

Inessa Zaretsky Izu Photography © 2018


Markus Hirnigel Photography ©2018

Markus Hirnigel Photography © 2018

CONCERT PROGRAM:

O DEL MIO AMATO BEN (1918)
Stefano Donaudy

PIOGGIA (1909)
UN SOGNO (1920)
Ottorino Respighi

VIENI, RIEMPI IL BICCHIER (1920) from Cinque Liriche dal “Rubayat”
Elsa Olivieri-Sangiacomo

È SERA (2016)
Raphael Fusco

OSCURO È IL CIEL (1933) from Due Canti d’amore
Ildebrando Pizzetti

FUOR DELLA BELLA GAIBA (1923) from Tre Canzoni Trecentesche
Alfredo Casella

INTERMEZZO of Domenico Scarlatti sonatas and selections from Luigi Dallapiccola’s QUADERNO MUSICALE DI ANNALIBERA (1952):

IX. Colore
L. Dallapiccola
Sonata K.11
D. Scarlatti
I. Simbolo
L. Dallapiccola
Sonata K.20
D. Scarlatti
XI. Quartina
L. Dallapiccola

AMARILLI MIA BELLA (published 1602) from Le Nuove Musiche
Giulio Caccini (arr. by Luigi Dallapiccola)

MIGNON (1995)
Fabio Vacchi

POI (2018) **PREMIERE**
Rolando Gori

DOLCE COMINCIAMENTO (1947) from Quattro Canzoni popolari
Luciano Berio

DORME PEGASO (1961) from Canti della Lontananza
Gian Carlo Menotti

CARO MIO BEN
Tommaso Giordani

O SÌ CHE NON SAPEVO SOSPIRARE (1902)
Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari

I MUSICISTI

Nicholas Tamagna is a leading countertenor in his generation singing in many of the world’s opera houses and concert halls.  He is a baroque specialist, exploring much of the high baroque repertoire of composers such as Händel, Vinci, and Hasse, but he also enjoys greatly exploring the creation of new works in both the operatic and song literature. He is frequently asked to collaborate in workshops and perform works by contemporary composers with groups like American Opera Projects, Beth Morrison Projects, and independent projects such as the recent film score by Rolando Gori for the film Mr. Sam (to be released in 2019). Recent and upcoming theatrical performances include: Ermanno in Vinci’s Gismondo, Re di Polonia (Theater an der Wien),  Silvio in Händel’s Il Pastor Fido (Halle Händelfestspiele), Ottone in Monteverdi’s L’incoronazione di Poppea (Florentine Opera), Tullio in Händel’s Alessandro (Markgräfliches Opernhaus Bayreuth), Siroe in Hasse’s Siroe, Re di Persia (Oldenburgisches Staatstheater and the Nederlandse Reisopera), Pompeo in Vivaldi’s Il Farnace (Spoleto Festival USA), The Refugee in Dove’s Flight (Opera Omaha / Oldenburg),  Oronte in Riccardo Primo (Händelfestspiele Badisches Staatstheater),   Polinesso in Ariodante (Theater Münster), Hassan in Cities of Salt (Royal Opera House Covent Garden), and the Spirit in Dido and Aeneas and To be or not to be (with le Poème Harmonique: at lOpéra de Rouen, de Vichy, Royal de Versailles, and la Philharmonie de Paris). He has performed in concerts at the Bozar in Bruxelles, several times in Carnegie Hall, and David Geffin Hall Lincoln Center in New York City. He is represented by Parnassus Arts Productions and Management in Europe and Sarah Stephens Arts Management in the USA. For more about Nicholas Tamagna, including a list of his recordings, visit nicholastamagna.com.

THE MUSICIANS

Inessa Zaretsky is on the Piano faculty of Mannes College, The New School University. She is the Director of the Swannanoa Chamber Music Festival in Asheville, North Carolina and is the Artistic co-director of the Phoenix Chamber Music Series in New York City. For the past 8 years she’s been a resident pianist with Craftsbury Chamber Players in Vermont. Ms. Zaretsky is an award winning pianist and composer whose performances have taken her around the world while her music has been performed in England,  Norway,  Canada,  Australia,  Italy , Russia and throughout the United States. She studied piano with Richard Goode and composition with Robert Cuckson at the Mannes College of Music in New York and has collaborated with many notable musicians, such as the Miro, Enso, Jasper and Cassat String Quartets, Kent/Blossom Festival Orchestra,  Chamber Music Series of the St. Lukes Orchestra,  musicians of the Boston,  Chicago and Orpheus Orchestras, members of the Metropolitan Opera and many others.

COMPOSITORI

1602-2018

THE ART OF ITALIAN SONG

LUCIANO BERIO

Luciano Berio (Oneglia, 1925 - Rome, 2003) was an Italian composer noted for his experimental and pioneering work in electronic music. A much lauded composer throughout his life, he influenced future musicians such as: Andriessen, Reich, Francesconi, Castagnoli, Scogna, and Phil Lesh of the Grateful Dead.

ALFREDO CASELLA

Alfredo Casella (Torino,1883 - Roma, 1947), along with Alfano, Malpiero, Pizzetti and Respighi is part of la generazione dell’Ottocento. He was a multi-faceted musician, a man of great culture, a pianist and conductor, composing many important instrumental, symphonic and operatic works, not to mention numerous chamber art songs. His eclectic taste is evident by the variety of styles of composition he employs.

STEFANO DONAUDY

Stefano Donaudy (Palermo, 1879 - Napoli, 1925) His collection of 36 Arie di Stile Antico harks back to the works of Caccini, with a decidedly romantic sense of melody, harmony, and line.

RAPHAEL FUSCO

Raphael Fusco (b. USA 1982) is an award-winning composer, keyboardist and conductor active in Europe and the USA. His catalog includes over 200 vocal, chamber, theater and orchestral works performed by such leading artists/ensembles as Branford Marsalis, Chamber Orchestra of Philadelphia, I Cantori, and members of the NY Philharmonic. He is a founding member of the period instrument consort Corelli Collective, leading in annual tours throughout Sicily and southern Italy.

GIAN CARLO MENOTTI

Gian Carlo Menotti (Cardegliano-Viconago, 1911 - Monte Carlo, Monaco, 2007) was an Italian-American composer and librettist. Famous for his operas such as: Amahl and the Night Visitors, and a dozen others. Pulitzer Prize winner for The Consul (1950) and for The Saint of Bleecker Street (1955). Founder of Festival dei Due Mondi in Spoleto, Italy (1958) and Spoleto Festival USA (1977), which still exist to this day.

ELSA OLIVIERI-SANGIACOMO

Elsa Respighi (née Olivieri-Sangiacomo) (Rome, 1894 - 1996) was an Italian singer and composer. She was the wife and former pupil of Ottorino Respighi. Elsa Respighi created ballets out of Respighi's Ancient Airs and Dances suites and completed his final opera Lucrezia in 1937. Throughout her long life she championed her husband's work unfailingly. In 1955 she produced a memoir of her encounters with some of the most influential cultural figures of the early twentieth century. She was also at the forefront of the 1979 Respighi Centenary celebrations. Since then, several of her own works, chiefly for solo voice with accompaniment, have been given their premiere. She died one week short of her 102nd birthday in 1996.

DOMENICO SCARLATTI

Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti (Naples, 26 October 1685 – Madrid, 23 July 1757) was an Italian Baroque composer chronologically, although his music was influential in the development of the Classical style and he was one of the few Baroque composers to transition into the classical period. Like his renowned father Alessandro Scarlatti, he composed in a variety of musical forms, although today he is known mainly for his 555 keyboard sonatas, many of which were published posthumously. He spent much of his life in the service of the Portuguese and Spanish royal families.

COMPOSERS

GIULIO CACCINI

Giulio Caccini (Tivoli, 1546 - Florence, 1618) was an Italian composer, teacher, singer, instrumentalist and writer of the very late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He was one of the founders of the Florentine Camerata and the genre of opera, and one of the most influential creators of the new Baroque style.

LUIGI DALLAPICCOLA

Luigi Dallapicolla (Pisino d'Istria, 1904 - Florence, 1975), was an influential Italian composer of the mid-late 20th century. His style developed from diatonic with bursts of chromaticism to a consciously serialist outlook. With the adoption of serialism he never lost the feel for melodic line that many of the detractors of the Second Viennese School claimed to be absent in modern dodecaphonic music.

ERMANNO WOLF-FERRARI

Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari (Venice, 1876 - Venice, 1948) was most noted for his operatic writing. Wolf-Ferrari tranformed the wild and witty farces of the 18th-century Venetian playwright Carlo Goldoni into comic operas, resulting in musically eclectic, melodic, and utterly hilarious works; each becoming an international success until the outbreak of World War I.

ROLANDO GORI

Rolando Gori (1970) was born in Rome, but raised in Canada. Studied at the Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto, and was influenced by the great Italian cantautori of the 20th century including: Adriano Celentano, Gabriella Ferri, Venditti, Modugno, and Baglioni. He is a songwriter-producer, composer, with his own studio in New York City.

ILDEBRANDO PIZZETTI

Ildebrando Pizzetti (Parma, 1880 - Roma, 1968) wrote 31 liriche and several of his compositions, he shows particular interest in early music and in the great classics in painting and literature. His musical language is a successful blend of modernity and a nostalgic return to Monteverdian declamazione.

OTTORINO RESPIGHI

Ottorino Respighi (Bologna, 1879 - Roma, 1936), was a musical titan of the modern era. A consummate musician, he played the viola in the Imperial Orchestra in St. Petersburg, before studying composition with Rimsky-Korsakov, absorbing the master's ideas about orchestral color, later lived and worked in Berlin and Rome. His art songs are written in styles ranging from Neo-Impressionism to more neomodal (inspired by early music) or chromatic harmony. He also accompanied singers, including his wife, mezzo-soprano Elsa.

FABIO VACCHI

Fabio Vacchi (born 1949 in Bologna), is a contemporary Italian composer. Since his early compositions, he has taken on the challenge of reaching beyond the inner circle of connoisseurs, writing music for those who do not habitually listen to contemporary music (adapting ideas of Hans Magnus Enzensberger). Vacchi believes that it is indispensable not to overlook the psycho-acoustic parameters that allow music to reach the listener and stimulate his or her senses. Such techniques include the repetition of certain elements as the work unfolds and the insertion of continuous but recognizable sonorous material, so as to keep the listener attentive and alert. Experiences he acquired during his studies in electro-acoustics in Fribourg, where he was invited by Luigi Nono.

TOMMASO GIORDANI

Tommaso Giordani (Naples, c.1730 – Dublin, 1806) was an Italian composer active in England and Ireland. He came from a musical family and was trained in Naples and lived with the family in Graz, Salzburg, Frankfurt, Amsterdam and Paris. Finally living in London, where he and his family performed four burlettas at Covent Garden in the 1753–4 season. In 1764, he accepted an invitation to act as musical director of the Smock Alley Theatre, Dublin, where he stayed for the next three years, performing comic operas and co-produced the first ever opera seria to be performed in Ireland, L'eroe cinese (1766). Among his pupils was John Field, the inventor of the nocturne. Giordani composed in a tuneful, galant style and was often confronted with accusations of plagiarism. The authorship of the popular arietta Caro mio ben (1783) is thought to be his.